Antarctica has been pocked and razed by huge meteorites and earth forces. Under the ice, organisms have developed in isolation for millions of years.
Researchers have stolen the South Pole's ancient secrets.
Gigantic meteorite fell on Antarctica
A meteorite crushed Antarctica.© Shutterstock
Deviations in the gravitational field indicate one of the world's largest meteorite craters. At 480 kilometers, it is 2.5 times the size of the crater, causing the dinosaurs to die out. He is certainly 100 million years old.
Hot bubble lurks under the surface
Glowing hot magmabel under the surface of Antarctica.© CARSTEN PETER / NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC CREATIVE
In 2017, the researchers found evidence for a mantle diaper under West Antarctica: a huge bubble of hot rock mass from the interior of the earth. In Hawaii, diapers lead to a large volcanic activity
More is full of unique life
New species can hide in a hidden lake.© Shutterstock
At least 400 lakes are hidden under ice, and with 5,400 cubic kilometers of water, Vostok Lake is the largest. According to researchers, the ecosystem has been isolated from the environment for around 25 million years.
Ice protects ancient mountains
A mountain range the size of the Alps is hidden under 3 kilometers of ice.© Shutterstock
The Gamboertsev Mountains in East Antarctica are as high as the Alps, but possibly hundreds of millions of years older. While the Alps erode through the weather, Gamboertsev is protected by approximately 3 kilometers of ice.
A huge gap divides the continent
The Antarctic gorge is three times as long as the Grand Canyon.© Shutterstock
In 2015, satellite data revealed the probably longest gap in the world. At 1100 kilometers, it is three times as long as the Grand Canyon in the US, and in some places it is more than a kilometer deep